Some Common Baby Problems

During the early months of the baby’s life, there maybe some touching common baby problems.  These concerns can be matters of discomfort to the baby as well as stress and uneasiness to the mother and all concerned.    Some of these problems may also become habit forming.  Habits forming on the part of the baby.

Some of these common problems and means to overcome them are listed below.

Colic

One of the earliest discomfort that a baby may have is that of colic.  Colic is characterized by gas or air formation in the abdomen.  Most times this happens in the abdomen.   Colic is also referred to as “gripe”. Colic may occur as early as two weeks up to five months old.

How May You Suspect That Your Baby is Having Colic?

  • The baby demonstrates uncontrollable crying.  The baby may cry for more than three  hours on and off, at short intervals or non-stop.       The baby may sound the alarm (cry) as it awakens from its sleep in distress.    The infant may continue crying for hours.
  • The baby may be affected for days, especially if the colic goes untreated.Crying Baby
  • May recur after treatment.
  • The baby may exhibit signs that there is pain in the abdomen, by working its legs    vigorously, pulling them up towards the abdomen.
  • The baby arches the back while crying at times.
  • Sometimes screams and stiffens the legs.

The baby having the colic can be a frightening thing for the mother.  Can you imagine a baby having colic and cries through the night?  There is also the case of sleepless nights for both baby and mother or care-giver.

Have you ever had an experience with a baby having colic? Do tell me about this.

The gas or air, which is in the abdomen is considered to have been swallowed during feed time.  There has been no conclusive cause for colic in babies.   It is often believed that colic is more prevalent among bottle-fed babies than breastfed babies.  However, some school of thoughts say that both bottle and breast fed babies are equally affected.

How May Colic be Prevented?

  • In order to prevent colic, it is important that the baby is burped immediately after feeding.  To burp the baby, you must hold the baby up on your shoulder and gently rub or pat the  baby’s back.  This will cause the baby to belch.   The baby will then expel air from its  stomach or abdomen.  Sometimes doing this more than once, allowing the baby to belch  again is good.  Get as many burps as possible.
  • Burping should be encouraged after each feed so as to prevent colic.   Burping the baby is  good even after colic has developed.   It is important to note that much time should be  taken when feeding the baby.
  • Exercise patience and relax.  It is extremely important that mother should not be hurrying  or neither be nervous when feeding the baby.  Relax so that the baby will make timely  swallows.
  • Give baby a warm bath and wrap the baby in warm bed clothing to encourage sleep.
  • Give baby a gentle clockwise massage on the abdomen in a direction to encourage and  allow the wind out of the abdomen.

 

It must be pointed out also, that babies may be given gripe preparations bought from the stores to treat the babies gripe or colic.  These preparations are called Gripe water.  Gripe Water may be preventative as well as curative.

If your baby has colic, I recommend that you click on this link and try this effective mixture

If you have any other means of treating colic please let me know about this. Remember, iron sharpens iron.  We can learn from each other.

Diaper Rash/ Chafing

Diaper rash or chafing may appear as redness, soreness or inflammation of the baby’s skin in the diaper areas.

This may be prevented or relieve the irritation of the baby’s sensitive skin by:

  • Changing the baby diapers frequently.
  • Washing the diapers with a mild or milder brand of soap suitable for baby’s sensitive skin.
  • Choosing suitable diapers which will help to keep baby’s diaper area dry even when the diaper is wet.
  • Keeping the baby’s skin clean.  Wipe baby’s skin at every diaper change.
  • Keeping the baby’s skin oiled as a barrier to wetness
  • Keeping baby’s skin powered, this also served as a barrier.  The choice of a powder is also  of importance.  Choose a suitable powder

Heat Rash

Heat rash may appear as very small or fine bumps on the baby’s skin. These may appear red in babies of clear complexion.  The rash itches and causes much discomfort for the baby.

One may prevent heat rash by:

  • Keeping the baby in a cool room.
  • Dressing the baby in lighter cooler clothing.  Dress the baby in lighter cooler colors.  Some colors attract heat.  This at times do make a  difference.
  • Covering babies with thinner  blankets when the time is warm.  You may choose to use  cotton covering in places where the temperature is at a high.
  • Powder baby to keep skin cool.

Regurgitation

After feeding, the baby may spit up some of the feed. This happens in most, if not all babies, especially the newborns.  As the baby gets older, regurgitation tempers down.  However, some babies spit  up more excessively than others..  This usually happens up to six months old.  However, some may continue up to an older age.

Regurgitation may be prevented by:

  • Burping the baby immediately after feeding
  • Handling the baby gently while nursing
  • Desist from shaking the baby after a meal.

Please note that if your baby is spitting up (regurgitating), do put the baby on its abdomen, even when sleeping.  This will prevent choking and it will also prevent that which the baby is regurgitated to get into the nose and cause an adverse effect to your baby.

Baby Crying Excessively

Most babies will cry at times.  The baby has no other thing to do but, sleep, eat and cry. Babies are very sensitive persons.  They are so sensitive, that in a short time after birth they are able to develop the knowledge that their mother is not around as usual.   Their talks are to cry.

Most time crying indicates, one or more of the following:

  • Needs attention
  • Feeling of pain
  • Feeling ill, yet not necessarily feeling pain, but some measure of discomfort.
  • Feel  ill
  • Feeling cold or hot
  • Maybe be teething
  • Has an overfull stomach (over-fed)
  • Has an empty stomach (hungry)

If the baby is crying excessively and in your wisdom you are unable to diagnose what is happening or you do not have a solution.  Then do seek the advice of the paediatrician.  Seek his wisdom immediately.

The Sucking of the Thumb or Finger(s)

A large number of babies do suck their thumbs Some will suck their thumbs even beyond three years while others will do it for a short time without any intervention.

It must be remembered that the baby was born with an urge to suck.  I strongly believe  that that, is one of the things that nature puts in place to prepare the newborn of getting its early food.

The sucking of the thumbs or fingers can cause malformation of the teeth.  This also may cause speech defects or impediments

A baby has the tendency to suck its finger for the following reasons:

  • For comfort
  • Needing of attention.  Sounds funny, but in its own feeling finds a companion in its finger
  • Feeling of hunger
  • Needing to do something.

Can you comment  on any other reasons why the baby may suck its fingers?

There are some simple means of intervention, in order to prevent thumb or finger sucking.

  • This is my best one.  Each time the baby puts the thumb or finger in.  Take it out and  replace it with the breast.  that is if it is a breast feeding baby.
  • Some persons replace the finger with a soother
  • There is also the putting on of mittens.

The sucking of thumb or fingers may be very habit forming

Diarrhoea

If the child is having loose stools, this may be caused by feeding or overfeeding the baby with a formula that is too concentrated with formula.  On the other hand feeding the baby with a formula that is too watery.  It is not properly made.

Diarrhoea may also be caused by an infection (See Diarrhoeal Illnesses in Babies) or allergy.  It is always best to consult the Paediatrician as early as possible.

Constipation

This is difficulty passing stool or faeces.  This too can be caused by over-concentrated formula. If the baby is bottle-fed, (See The Bottle versus the Breast).   It may also be caused by limited intake of water.

Advice Regarding Constipation

If the baby is about five months old it can be given a small thin amount of blended prune to bring relief to the situation.

  • Ensure that the baby is given an adequate amount of safe drinking water.
  •  Paediatric suppositories may also be used. This is inserted in the baby’s anus.
  • It is advisable to make constipation a thing of the past before the child is to be toilet trained.  Constipation will cause the child to be afraid to empty its bowels.
  • Again, it is always good to consult the Paediatrician.

These common early baby problems have at times cause much hardship for baby and caregivers.  They have also caused economic distress since the babies have to have visits to the paediatricians.  However, some of these common baby problems  are transient while others  such as thumb sucking and constipation may go on to become habit forming. These habit-forming concerns do have their  consequences  if they are not attended to.  These effects may be simple while, with some babies, the  experience may have far-reaching effects as in the case of constipation and thumb sucking.

If you do have alternatives for treating any of the above problems, please let me hear from you by way of commenting on site.

The Importance of Play Activities to the Child

Play activities are important to the child and its well-being.   As a matter of fact, it is as if the child is synonymous to play.  Children learn by playing.   Is play a second  skin to children?  Play activities are necessary to the child’s development, in the same way as food is necessary.

The baby begins to play from in the womb. This play is characterised by the baby’s movements while in the womb. At the time of birth,the baby may  take a nap, or be very quiet. This quietness is a sign that the baby is recuperating from its long journey (its passage through the birth canal).

As the days go by, the baby gets older and begins more and more to adjust to its new environment. As the child grows over the months, its movements become advanced.  Mommy and daddy will begin  to realise that even during the nights the baby will want to play.  This is especially so when they need to sleep so much.  Very often it is during these odd times that the baby chooses to play at length.

Play is good for children as well as adults.  Because of this adults should not find it difficult to play with children during the normal play hours.

What is Play?

My personal definition for play is: “doing pleasurable action”.  The Scholastic New Children’s Dictionary defines play as: “fun or recreation”.  Here it is used as a noun.  Used as a verb, the same book gave an example of such usage: “To take part in a game or  other recreation.”

Play is enjoyable.  It is joyous work that is entertaining to the persons involved.  Play provides information and education to the child.  This happens, as it gives an easier repetitive method to knowing and understanding.  Play offers freedom and gives self-expression to the child who aims at demonstrating this.

Most persons enjoy just what they want to do.  To the child, play is freedom of imposition and it is one of the most technical methods of doing “just what I like to do”.  To the child, play is compelling.  It is the second nature of the child.

The Difference Between Game and Play

Is there a difference between “game” and “play”?    I strongly believe there is a difference. In my opinion, it must be noted that a game does not exist without play.   Play activates the game. In the game, there are rules to be followed.  Therefore, the game is played with rules that have to be followed.

In games, the rules are imposed and followed, in order that the game played will bring more enjoyment, fairness, and competition.  This is the thread of difference between play and game or gaming.   All this is said to explain that within games or gaming there is no total freelancing of activities.     Play+ Rules = Game.   Play is always in the Games.

If an individual is freelancing with play (that is playing without rules), there is relaxation while playing.  There are no rules to be guarded.    Therefore, we can safely say, that the play offers total relaxation.

Babies play without rules.  Older children can play to rules.  As the baby grows it slowly adjust to playing to simple rules which  grow with the child over time.

However, even within games or gaming, play offers freedom and enjoyment  even though tied to rules and regulation.  It means, however, that the play within a direct game has to be guarded to stay within the boundaries of rules and regulations.   This too is very good and important to the child’s development.  The child will in time learn to adhere to rules and regulation in school, home and society.

Other Important Facts About Play

Play  is powerful even when there are restraints.  What a dynamic characteristic of play!!  Its power helps the child to stay within boundaries. It helps in the development of the child’s personality.

Most times when babies are quiet, very quiet, they are playing all by themselves.   A parent or guardian has to be very attentive to a child who is not within view and is very quiet. The child may be playing  with something that maybe dangerous.   After all, it is always good to know and be and be able to keep an eye on the baby at all times.  Depending on what you are doing and where you are doing what, this may not be possible. I recommend a baby monitor from Amazon. This can do well.


 

Play also commands peace and quietness, even if things are going wrong. Therefore, keep the baby within sight at all times.   On the other hand, play may bring some level of “rowdyism”.  This is the type of play  that is noisy.  There may be noise with toys or other things or noise with the mouth.. This also is a means of expression.  It is the type of play that may cause the mother to exclaim:”Lord have mercy!” or ” What is this!?”,  “Keep the noise down!”.

Regardless of the freedom that play gives, it requires some measure of self-discipline.  The child must stay within a boundary in order that freedom of play will not be taken or  no harm should come to it.

Generally, play is important to the child because:

  • It teaches the child life skills
  • It prepares the child and pushes for further learning and development
  • It gives the child a better understanding with whom they play or interact
  • It builds relationship and develops their social skills
  • It widens the child’s environment and give them a better knowledge of their surrounding.  Their toys form an extension to their environment. The child enjoys its environment as it tries to play with everything within reach.
  • By trying to reach to touch things the baby is forced to strengthen its muscles. This also enhances their structural development.      The body is developed by the child touching and holding things.
  • It helps to develop their cognitive skills.  Play demands a child to think, and helps the brain to be effective.  Play activities  make the child alert. It tries to understand everything by touching, feeling and sucking.
  • The child experiments through play activities. Babies are curious persons.  Therefore, in order to satisfy their curiosities, every thing goes to their mouths.  By the way, babies are born with the urge for sucking.  This is normal.  Therefore , it is important that their toys are clean and safe.
  • It helps to shape and develop the child’s  intellect as he/she grows
  • Play helps the child in sound recognition.  Every different sound means something to the   child.  The child has sound recognition even if it does not play.  However, playing can make this much sharper.  Have you ever seen how the baby reacts to splashing its bath water.  It is the sound and the touch that they respond to.  Remember to make the bathroom out of bound for the crawling and walking babies.

To get a better understanding of  the baby reaction to sound recognition, watch their body movements to any sound.  This they begin to respond to very early.  You will certainly see the wiggling and  rubbing of the legs and feet, the movements of the hands and even the sound that  the infant makes in response.

It is important that children be monitored during play activities.   Their toys should be properly selected for safety.  Toys should also be selected to re-enforce positive influence.

I personally believe that children should not be given a replica of violence to play with.   They should not resemble any form of weaponry.  But that is my opinion.  I would certainly like to hear how my readers feel about this.  Please let me have your comment. You may leave your comments in the comments box below.

In conclusion, I want to share with you one last thing on the importance of play activities to the child.  This is my experience.   My first child,  a boy, as a toddler, had always wanted to play with gadgets in the house. He loved to play with things such as radios, clocks, lamps, and other stuff.   We had to be very careful by putting stoppers in the electrical plugs in the house to prevent him from plugging in electrical appliances. His love for these things and his engagement with them grew with him.

In the process of playing with them, he would pull them to pieces.  I have lost appliances due to this.  His interest was always to be where his father was, while he was trying to fix anything.  He would always allow other children to play with his toys.  He showed minor interest in them (his toys).

However, one day, when he was about six years old.  We decided to travel far to the countryside in our car.  We all boarded and in the process of driving out. There was an explosion within the engine of car and  something went wrong. The car could not move.  His father could not find what was wrong.  It was our  six years old son who diagnosed the fault, just by looking in the bonnet while his father was doing the same.  His father was able to fix it, then we moved on.

My son is now a big man and I do not pay to fix anything in my house. He is able to fix almost everything, washing machines and all those other things like what he had destroyed and more.

He is my noted artisan.   He does these without any training, only from his play activities from his toddler stage up.  He certainly drove me up the wall then. But now?  I am reaping some benefits.  He does these without any training, only from his play activities from his toddler stage up.

Tell me if you have ever had, heard or knew anyone who might have had the same experience?

I have heard of  few. One mother since recently told me that her son who was like that, is now an engineer. My son’s desire was to be a mechanical engineer.

It cannot be over emphasized that play activities are very important to the child especially in their formative years.

I strongly believe that our children’s play activities can give us an early indication of their aspirations.  I have seen that happen more times than twice.     Please tell me what do you think of this.  Awaiting your comments.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Importance of Father to Child

The father plays an important role in the well-being of the child.  The father’s role to the child is of such importance and carries a good outcome for the child.  In order to ensure this, below are tips  to the roles that the father plays in the life of the child and the family in totality.

What Really Makes The Father so Important?

Much emphasis is placed on the mother, because at the time the sperm is deposited and the mother’s egg is fertilised, the mother becomes the incubator, the en-utero caregiver, the one who carries this being, and her health, impacts on her treasure which is in her womb.

However, without the father there would have been nothing, no one, for the mother to carry, incubate, and given care to.  It is the man (the father) who ‘engineers’,  ( for the want of a better word, but for emphasis) this woman to be a mother.  On the other hand, she allows him to be Father.  (I would like to have your opinion on this. Please let me hear from you).

It is therefore, very important that I examine briefly some of the roles the father plays in the well-being of the child.

I must, however, state that this post does not cover all the roles of the father.  It must also be noted that a child who has both parents together gets good benefit, especially, if this is a happy family. Therefore, the mother and father must live in oneness.

The life of the  family begins when the male sex cell (the sperm), unites with the female sex cell (the ovum) and fertilisation takes place.  Thus is the beginning of life.  This is the action or incidence that marks the man’s first tangible contribution to the family.  A contribution

Baby and father
Baby and Father

which changes his status of being not just a man, but a man who is a father.

The status of Father gives the man a new outlook on life.  This outlook is certainly a case of individualism, as some men at times may take this more seriously than others.  Nevertheless, the main roles of the father are:

  • Head of the household

Being head of the household, he directs the affairs of the family.  He is in charge. He sees to the security of his family. It should be noted that the father’s role to the child’s well-being cannot be singled out for any one individual. If this is done it will certainly have a negative impact on every member of the household including baby or children and partner. In other words, the father cannot be  partial in playing his role.

  • Executive Planner

As the executive planner, he solicits the assistance of partner or wife in the  planning for
the family. He does not plan in isolation. The father understands clearly the role of his partner and she should also.

  • Partner

The father realises that things are symbiotic and his needs are much the very same as his partner and depends on each other.  He also sees his child as being a part of the partnership.  It is an understanding that the whole family needs emotional care.  Therefore, a well-thinking daddy who means his child well has to satisfy baby, mother and self.    The fact is, ‘give love and due consideration to others, as you would have them do to you’.

  • Executive Provider

Most of the times, fathers see themselves only as providers.  They see themselves, seeing  to it that the family has material things. the fathers sometimes get overwhelmed in this scheme and this caused the family to be neglected in other areas.  Most of the times the wife or partner and children become emotionally starved.

I refer to the father’s role as,  executive provider, however, it should not be expected that
the father should be the  one hundred percent (100%)  or sole provider, that is if the  mother is able to assist.  In some cultures,  the father is seen as the sole provider for the family. The father should operate in this area of his roles with due consideration to the mother.  In fact, he is the main or ‘executive provider’.

  • Playmate

The father is a playmate to his children and also to his partner.  Play activities stir good communication, relationship and build trust. A father who does not play or have fun activities with his family especially his child or children, do not really have or have much of family-time-3-1312784-639x456 their trust.  Children look forward to having an ever presence  of those who finds time to
play with them.

Playtime is another time for laughter, openness and the showing of love to one another. This gives the most chance for a father to know, hear a quip from a child that he will always remember as long as life lasts.  Of course, it is sometimes the time to show that rule should be adhered to. Yet, on the other hand, it can also be a time to compromise and to show true test of character.

  • King of the Home

The father is the King of the house. Because he truly is, there is  also a Queen. There may also be Prince(s) and Princess(es )also.   The clear understanding is that father must be treated with love and dignity and so should he treat his household with love and dignity.
Love begets love. The  treatment he  gives to his family makes for him Father’s Day every day.

It is prudent to always remember that children are to be given love. Those who are given love will be able to give back love. The fact is, you cannot give what you never had.   There is just a small proportion of persons who did not get love and are still able to give love.  A father who has his child well-being at heart will do everything to see that the child is brought up properly and is loved.  He must take proper care of his subjects.

I have seen many persons who have not had the love of their father or mother and their whole life have been messed up.  Somehow, I have seen more toll taken on the boys or men who did not have the joy of having their fathers’ love. They do have relationships and other touching problems, one way or the other.     I certainly would like your comments on this.

Generally speaking the father must:

  • Be exemplary: At all times never do less than what he would have wanted his child to do.
  • Be a disciplinarian: He assumes responsibility for discipline.  He should in this too,  lead by example.    He knows that a double standard way of life does not work. He leads in upholding what is right and helps his children to understand what is wrong.  Discipline must be done with love.  This is love for the child.
  • Help his children to develop integrity
  • Be the Priest of his household and upholds morality                                              Child About Father
  • Teach his children good values
  • Spend quality time with his family
  • He must be supportive at all times and give good counsel to his children, both male and female.    Communication is key.

In conclusion,  when the father plays his role well the children will benefit. The family will benefit.   The society will benefit.  Then the well-being of the child is assured.   This comes down to the fact, that the health of the child is assured.

This fact forces me to revisit the definition  of Health.  In this definition the World Health Organisation states that: “Health is a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease”  It is recommended that in order to have a holistic view of this definition “spiritual well-being” may be added to it.

Please let me have your comments.

 

Caring For the Baby’s Teeth

Like almost everything else the dental care of the baby’s teeth starts with the mother. The preparation to see to it that baby has good teeth began from in the womb. In other words, the quality of the baby’s teeth began with what mommy had done for herself. The baby is the beneficiary to this preparation.

According to Mouth Healthy a website by the American Dental Association states that, it is important to eat a well-balanced diet. That  is because, what you eat during your pregnancy affects the development of your baby, including the teeth.

It is important to note, that babies are born with teeth. These are not seen at birth, but they are there below the gum. Some persons testify that they have seen the baby with teeth at birth. As a matter of fact, many years ago I overheard an elderly woman telling another woman  that she saw this. I have never seen this. Have you?
Please share with me, if you have ever seen a baby with teeth at birth.

The child has two sets of teeth. The first set which is known as Deciduous Teeth is some- times referred to as”milk’,  ‘primary teeth’ and ‘baby teeth’.   These teeth are temporary and over time, are replaced by the second set of teeth which  is  permanent.

The Importance of the Child’s Teeth

The baby’s teeth are very important structures to the mouth. Along with the tongue and other structures of the mouth.

  • They help the baby to form their words, thus helping the baby’s speech pattern.baby-smiling
  • Impacts on the child’s health.    Plays an important role in the child’s nutrition
  • Helps the child to bite and chew
  • The primary teeth hold space for the permanent teeth
  •  They help the child to mature as one who esteem self highly, because of his or her appearance to others.
  • A person who is ready to face the world. One who is ready to smile and challenge the odds.
  • Plays an important role in the health and well-being of the child.  The  proper appearance of the teeth, that is not being crooked, properly shaped and without dental caries gives the child a feeling of well-being and-and stirs the child for wanting to be in the presence of peers and others.
  • An exhibition of proper dentition and care stirs good interpersonal relationship.

How to Manage Baby’s Dental Care

The baby’s  tongue and gum have to be cared.  It is, however, important to bear in mind that the infant’s mouth is very delicate therefore care must be taken in handling it.

The baby’s mouth, that is tongue and gum should be cleaned with a soft material.  Cleaning should be done at least twice daily.  The baby with teeth should not be allowed to sleep in the night without the mouth be cleaned.  The baby may be given a small amount of water to drink after the feed in the nights. This will help to rinse away the sweet feed from the teeth.  If babies are fed  in the night it is important to wipe the baby’s lips and surrounding area clean. This will prevent any attraction to insects, for example, ants to the baby.

A bad or troublesome set of deciduous teeth most likely will signal the follow of troublesome permanent teeth.   Steps should be taken to prevent dental caries both for the deciduous and permanent teeth stages.

With the arrival of the two first teeth (the incisors) you may still continue to clean the tongue and the teeth with  the soft wash cloth.  However, you may use a soft baby baby-finger-toothbrushtoothbrush to assist with the cleaning.    A finger toothbrush is quite in order.  It also does a good massage job even for babies without teeth.  Everything must be soft for the baby.

In doing all this give the baby a chance to play with the toothbrush or the washcloth under your supervision.  Having the baby familiarised with the toothbrush will somewhat make it easier for you to do the cleaning of the teeth.   Do not be surprised if the baby feels that you do not know what you are doing and wants to do it all its own way by his or herself.

Teach the child to brush the teeth as he or she grows.   A good thing to do is to  sing while you are brushing the baby’s teeth. You even talk to the baby about what you are doing. You Baby-Toothbrushmay even make this talk rhythmic.   Your baby will be a smart child.   You will eventually find that the child will grow to brush the teeth properly.  Things done to rhythms are easily caught and many times positive action goes with it.  Let me have your comments on this.

Remember, children too must attend the dentist for regular checks.  Please let me have your comments.

The Developmental Stages of the Child’s Teeth

The child’s teeth has four (4) prominent developmental stages.

These are:

The Pre-Dental Stage

During this time, no teeth may bee seen in the baby’s mouth.   They are temporarily               located underneath the gum.

There exist an open bite in the front section of the  mouth.  This special formation facilitates the baby’s sucking action on the breast.

 

The Deciduous Stage

The teeth which were below the gum is now growing upwards. Therefore, the baby or              milk teeth begin to show. This is considered by the parents and others concerned as              one of the most  remarkable stage of the baby’s life.  The baby is seen as really” getting

Baby Teeth Chart
Baby Teeth Chart

big and ready to eat big people’s food”-a sign of progress for the child.

The gum becomes raised. Somewhat looking like beads  (or gum pads) in the mouth.   The teeth  will erupt from these raised beadlike looking gum sections.

In this stage the first set of teeth comes  up when the baby is  six months old. This varies with individuals.  The first teeth will come up in the lower section of the mouth.   All the primary teeth will erupt by approximately three to three and one-half  years old.

The Mixed Dentition Stage

This starts at six years old.   The permanent teeth begins to erupt.   The primary teeth and the permanent teeth are co-existent.   The first permanent molars come up.

The  Permanent Dentition Stage

All the permanent teeth with the exception of the third permanent molars come up by thirteen to fourteen years.  The third permanent molars come up at eighteen to twenty-three years.  These are commonly known as  the Wisdom Teeth.

Looking forward to hear from you.