A Review on Childbearing

 

Here we are again taking another look at What We Know About Childbearing.   This post is aimed at satisfying you on the discussion to what you know about childbearing.

If you will remember that previous post was to engage you in a discussion on some of the things mentioned on the site.   However, let me hasten here to say that I have this present post which is to provide the immediate answers to the topics.  The review is by no means a full discussion of the topics or words mentioned in the process of childbearing, but it will give further understanding of the subject.

It is also important to note that these are not the dictionary or medical book explanations or meanings of the topics.   They are discussed in the way that I understand it and on  a down to earth level.

Therefore, please see a brief description of the topics mentioned.

Antenatal (see Prenatal): This refers to the care given to the pregnant women before the birth of her baby. Prenatal also called Antenatal care is given to prevent and also to ensure that the mother and baby are healthy while the baby is in the womb and even after birth.  It is worthy to note that the care given after birth of the baby is referred to as postnatal.

Abnormal: That which does not happen, look or feel, within the usual happening or norm.  Being unusual.

Afterbirth: When this word is written as two different words (ie “after birth”) it means after the delivery of the baby.   In differentiation of the  compounded words, it is usually written or spoken of as: “after the birth” to mean after the delivery of the baby, as said before.

However, or on the other hand, The compounded word, “Afterbirth” is an organ which comes from the womb shortly after the birth/delivery of the baby. The other name for Afterbirth is Placenta.

The placenta is the organ which supplies blood and nutrients to the baby in the womb. After the baby is born the afterbirth  comes out of the womb.  The  umbilical chord which is also known as the navel string attaches to the afterbirth/ placenta.  The delivery of the Afterbirth is the third stage of labour.

Breech: This is when the baby’s lower part of the body is positioned downwards and the head of the baby is positioned at the top.  This indicates that a breech presentation is likely to happen. In a breech presentation, the baby’s lower part of the body is presented first instead of the head.

Birth: The delivery of a baby. In other words, the baby comes from the womb.

Birth canal: That area from the womb, cervix, then through the vaginal area. the baby passes through the birth canal during birth.

Buttocks: The two fleshy lobes of the upper of the  lower part of the body situated at the rear.

Contraction: This is the forceful push of the baby on its way out of the womb. This (contraction) occurs when the baby is  at full term.  However, contractions do happen prematurely also.  Contractions are signs that the baby is ready for delivery. Contractions may occur also, when the muscles are preparing for delivery. Like doing a “warm up” for the great day, labour.  These are usually seen as pseudo-contractions

Cervix: The neck or entrance of the womb.

Childbirth: The expulsion of the baby from the womb and through the birth canal.

Caesarean (section, operation): Commonly referred to as C. Section is a major surgical procedure by which a baby is taken from the uterus (womb). This type of delivery is carried out when there are times of difficulties.

This intervention is a sparkle decision as it always serve as the best thing to do in most childbirth emergencies.  In most cases, the women started off in labour with an aim to have her baby naturally  via the birth canal.

However, during labour, if it is found that she has developed problems or, the baby is in undue distress, for one reason or the other.  The ultimate and best thing  is for the doctor to decide on what to do for both the baby and the mother, or one or the other.

The Caesarean operation is done not only in cases of emergency but it is also done electively. It is also done electively because there are some persons who do baby-c sectionnot wish to labour or have their babies through the birth canal.  This is done for varying reasons too. Therefore, these persons may choose to have a Caesarean Operation.

Can you think of some of the reasons why some women would like to have a Caesarean operation instead of one by the birth canal?  You may submit this feedback in the comments section below also.

In the Caesarean operation, an incision is made through the woman’s abdominal wall and the uterus (womb).  The baby is then removed from the womb.  The placenta (afterbirth and other products of the pregnancy are also removed.  All necessary procedures of the operation, for example, contraction of the uterus to prevent over bleeding are initiated.

The incisions are closed by stitching and everything properly looked after and the baby is prepared to greet mother as soon as she gets over her anaesthesia dosage.

Delivery (baby): The eventful process and exit of the baby from the womb to the outside world after the time of maturity in the womb.  However, while delivery of the infant may be at full term. Delivery of the baby may also be before full term (premature).

Episiotomy:  This is  important, and may be considered a simple surgery done in childbirth. It is done on the assessment of the birth attendant in response to prevent a third-degree laceration to the perineum. It is always better to do this quick and simple surgery that to allow the tissue to be jaggedly damaged by the force of the baby as it rests on the perineum.

Enema: The Liquid cleansing of the rectum.  Mentioned in the process of childbirth, this is done to prevent contamination of the childbirth field with faeces.   Enema given to the pregnant woman at the onset of labour will also help in making labour somewhat easier.

En Utero: Means “in the womb”

Expectant: This is wishful inevitable thought of the person in pregnancy. It also describes the state of the pregnant woman as she stands in a situation to which she expects a favourable outcome. In other words “Expectant” describes the fact that she is looking forward to her baby or in a situation that she is going to have a baby.

Faecal: Describes a state of anything to which has been exposed to faeces. Faeces is solid excretion from the body, (faecal matter). To be contaminated with faeces.

Fetus: The developing or unborn baby in the womb.

Genital: This refers to the external parts of the male and female                  reproductive organs. For the female, the genital would be referring to the vaginal lips, (the labia majora and labia minora) the clitoris, and surrounding areas such as the mons pubis and the perineum.

The male genital consists of the penis, which is made up of the glans penis, the foreskin or prepuce, the testes or seeds, the scrotum orseed bag and surrounding area of these.

Headwater:  The headwater is a show of water or fluid or discharge of amniotic fluid which occur when the pregnant woman is in an advance or active state of labour.   This is  often referred to as “the headwater breaks.”   The amniotic fluid is contained in a sac. Whenever this is ruptured or broken there happens a shower of fluid (the headwater) from the vagina.

After the headwater is broken it is expected that the pregnant woman will give birth soon after.  This happening gives way for high alert.  Therefore if the baby’s birth is delayed the birth attendant (s) will need to mitigate since a delayed delivery puts the baby at risk for infection.

Labour: This is the characterisation of signs and symptoms to indicate that the pregnant woman is about to deliver her baby.  Some signs and symptoms of labour are vomiting, contractions, mucus exudate from the vagina, back and abdominal pains among other signs and symptoms.

Lightening: Is a downward ease of the baby in the woman’s abdomen.  The abdomen appears of a falling at a lower level.  Some experienced persons would say that “the belly drops”.  This is referred to as lightening. This is said to give an indication that the baby has turned and is taking its position to be on its way out of the womb.

Multiple (births): Having more than one baby in a single birth.

Nausea: Most times referred to a being or feeling sick in the stomach.The sense of wanting to vomit.

Morning sickness: This is signs and symptoms which indicate that a woman is pregnant.  These signs and symptoms may be vomiting, nausea, weakness, headache, lethargy and fatigue among other things.

Morning sickness is named so because these or most of these signs or symptoms occur in the mornings.  For some persons, “morning sickness” wears off as the day wears on.   Most times it is the sign and symptoms that give the woman the first information that she is pregnant. Not only does morning sickness send a message of pregnancy to the pregnant woman but it also sends a message to her  associates or persons around her.

Pregnancy: Being with a child.  Bearing a baby or babies

Perineum: That narrow stretch of tissue between the anus and the vagina.

Placenta: See Afterbirth

Reproductive organs (female): Organs of the body that are involved in the making of a baby. These organs are the fallopian tube the ovary, the womb, cervix and the vagina. These organs are responsible for menstruation, fertilisation conception, accommodation of the fertilised egg, the developing embryo and finally birth of the baby.

Reproductive organs (male): The reproductive organs of the male are, the prostate, urethra, penis, testicle, and scrotum.  Most of the male reproductive organs are situated on the outside.

Sitz Bath: This is a restorative treatment made up mainly of salt and water and in some cases herbs are added.  The person receiving the treatment is required to sit in the bath.  In some cases, the person may also  sit over a pail and the affected area be steamed with the prepared concoction.

Uterus: A structure of the reproductive system. This important structure houses the fertilised egg until development into a fully developed baby until birth. The uterus is also known as the womb.  The uterus or womb is integrally important in reproduction.

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